Natural Starch in Biomedical and Food Industry: Perception and Overview

Author(s): Raja Chakraborty, Pratap Kalita, Saikat Sen*.

Journal Name: Current Drug Discovery Technologies

Volume 16 , Issue 4 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Utilization of native starch is increasing globally because of its wide distribution and natural occurrence. Starch is mainly abundant in tubers and food grains. Scientific research on starch is increasing in recent years due to its unique physiochemical and biomedical properties. Native starch is an emerging biopolymer and copolymer in the biomedical and pharmaceutical areas due to its renewability, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and relative inexpensiveness. Today, there is an increasing interest in natural starches to design and produce diverse products due to their pertinent structural properties and non-toxicity. Due to these attributes, these natural polymers are becoming functional core materials in the biomedical industry, construction materials, medicine industry, food industry, food packaging, and carrier for active drugs. In this paper, we mainly attempt to analyze the physicochemical attributions and the biomedical applications on native or non-conventional starches obtained from the natural botanical sources.

Keywords: Native starch, physiochemical attributes, biopolymer, biomedical application, polysaccharide, biofilms.

[1]
Hemamalini T, Dev VRG. Comprehensive review on electrospinning of starch polymer for biomedical applications. Int J Biol Macromol 2018; 106: 712-8.
[2]
Pawar HA, Kamat SR, Choudhary PR. An overview of natural polysaccharides as biological macromolecules: Their chemical modifications and pharmaceutical application. Biol Med 2015; 7: 1-9.
[3]
Nair LS, Laurencin CT. Biodegradable polymers as biomaterials. Prog Polym Sci 2007; 32: 762-98.
[4]
Hoyos-Leyva JD, Alonso-Gomez L, Rueda-Enciso J, Yee-Madeira H, Bello-Perez LA, Alvarez-Ramirez J. Morphological, physicochemical and functional characteristics of starch from MarantharuizianaKoern. LWT - Food SciTechnol 2017; 83: 150-6.
[5]
Zhu F, Mojel R, Li G. Structure of black pepper (Piper nigrum) starch. Food Hydrocoll 2017; 71: 102-7.
[6]
Bianca CM, Delia RT. Isolation and characterization of starch from babassumesocarp. Food Hydrocoll 2016; 55: 47-55.
[7]
Verwimp T, Vandeputte GE, Marrant K, Delcour JA. Isolation and characterisation of rye starch. J Cereal Sci 2004; 39: 85-90.
[8]
Li C, Oh SG, Lee DH, Baik HW, Chung HJ. Effect of germination on the structures and physicochemical properties of starches from brown rice, oat, sorghum, and millet. Int J Biol Macromol 2017; 105(Pt 1): 931-9.
[9]
Das D, Jha S, Kumar KJ. Isolation and release characteristics of starch from the rhizome of Indian Palo. Int J Biol Macromol 2015; 72: 341-6.
[10]
Manek RV, Builders PF, Kolling WM, Emeje M, Kunle OO. Physicochemical and binder properties of starch obtained from Cyperusesculentus. AAPS PharmSciTech 2012; 12(2): 379-88.
[11]
Pachuau L, Dutta RS, Roy PK, Kalita P, Lalhlenmawia H. Physicochemical and disintegrant properties of glutinous rice starch of Mizoram, India. Int J Biol Macromol 2017; 95: 1298-304.
[12]
Torres FG, Troncoso OP, Grande CG, Diaz DA. Biocompatibility of starch-based films from starch of Andean crops for biomedical applications. Mater Sci Eng C 2011; 31: 1737-40.
[13]
Li G, Zhu F. Effect of high pressure on rheological and thermal properties of quinoa and maize starches. Food Chem 2018; 241: 380-6.
[14]
Li D, Zhu F. Physicochemical properties of kiwi fruit starch. Food Chem 2017; 220: 129-36.
[15]
Hao Y, Chen Y, Li Q, Gao Q. Preparation of starch nanocrystals through enzymatic pretreatment from waxy potato starch. Carbohydr Polym 2010; 184: 171-7.
[16]
Izabela PZ. Physicochemical properties of starches isolated from pumpkin compared with potato and corn starches. Int J Biol Macromol 2017; 101: 536-42.
[17]
Mirmoghtadaie L, Kadivar M, Shahedi M. Effect of modified oat starch and protein on batter properties and quality of cake. Cereal Chem 2009; 86: 685-91.
[18]
Bergel BF, Luz LM, Santana RMC. Comparative study of the influence of chitosan as coating of thermoplastic starch foam from potato, cassava and corn starch. Prog Org Coat 2017; 106: 27-32.
[19]
Srichuwong S, Curti D, Austin S, King R, Lamothe L, Gloria-Hernandez H. Physicochemical properties and starch digestibility of whole grain sorghums, millet, quinoa and amaranth flours, as affected by starch and non-starch constituents. Food Chem 2017; 233: 1-10.
[20]
Li G, Zhu F. Quinoa starch: Structures, properties, and applications. Carbohydr Polym 2018; 181: 851-61.
[21]
Hilal D, Zeynep T, Dilara N. Pullulanase treatments to increase resistant starch content of black chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.) starch and the effects on starch properties. Int J Biol Macromol 2018; 111: 505-13.
[22]
Nakthong N, Wongsagonsup R, Amornsakchai T. Characteristics and potential utilizations of starch from pineapple stem waste. Ind Crops Prod 2017; 105: 74-82.
[23]
Zhang Y, Hu M, Zhu K, Wu G, Tan L. Functional properties and utilization of Artocarpusheterophyllus Lam seed starch from new species in China. Int J Biol Macromol 2018; 107: 1395-405.
[24]
Bi Y, Zhang Y, Jiang H, et al. Molecular structure and digestibility of banana flour and starch. Food Hydrocoll 2017; 72: 219-27.
[25]
Santana ÁL, Zabot GL, Osório-Tobón JF, et al. Starch recovery from turmeric wastes using supercritical technology. J Food Eng 2017; 214: 266-76.
[26]
Zhu F, Mojel R, Li G. Physicochemical properties of black pepper (Piper nigrum) starch. Carbohydr Polym 2018; 181: 986-93.
[27]
Jan KN, Panesar PS, Rana JC, Singh S. Structural, thermal and rheological properties of starches isolated from Indian quinoa varieties. Int J Biol Macromol 2017; 102: 315-22.
[28]
Oh IK, Bae IY, Lee HG. Complexation of high amylose rice starch and hydrocolloid through dry heat treatment: Physical property and in vitro starch digestibility. J Cereal Sci 2018; 79: 341-7.
[29]
Peng X, Yao Y. Small-granule starches from sweet corn and cow cockle: Physical properties and amylopectin branching pattern. Food Hydrocoll 2018; 74: 349-57.
[30]
Zhong F, Li Y, Ibanez AM, Oh MH, McKenzie KS, Shoemaker C. The effect of rice variety and starch isolation method on the pasting and rheological properties of rice starch pastes. Food Hydrocoll 2009; 23: 406-14.
[31]
Estrada-Leon RJ, Moo-Huchin VM, Ríos-Soberanis CR, et al. The effect of isolation method on properties of Parota(Enterolobiumcyclocarpum) starch. Food Hydrocoll 2017; 57: 1-9.
[32]
Xia H, Zheng LB, Qunyu G. Effect of molecular weight of starch on the properties of cassava starch microspheres prepared in aqueous two-phase system. Carbohydr Polym 2017; 117: 334-40.
[33]
Lu ZH, Donner E, Liu Q. Effect of roasted pea flour/starch and encapsulated pea starch incorporation on the in vitro starch digestibility of pea breads. Food Chem 2017; 245: 71-8.
[34]
Xu C, He X, Zhang B, Fu X, Jane J, Huang Q. Effects of adding corn oil and soy protein to corn starch on the physicochemical and digestive properties of the starch. Int J Biolog Macromol 2017; 104(Pt A): 481-6.
[35]
Sharma B, Gujral HS, Solah V. Effect of incorporating finger millet in wheat flour on mixolabbehavior, chapatti quality and starch digestibility. Food Chem 2017; 231: 156-64.
[36]
Luchese CL, Spada JC, Tessaro IC. Starch content affects physicochemical properties of corn and cassava starch-based films. Ind Crops Prod 2017; 109: 619-26.
[37]
Galdeano MC, Grossmann MVE, Mali S, Bello-Perez LA, Garcia MA, Zamudio-Flores PB. Effects of production process and plasticizers on stability of films and sheets of oat starch. Mater Sci Eng C 2009; 29: 492-8. b
[38]
Galdeano MC, Mali S, Grossmann MVE, Yamashita F, García MA. Effects of plasticizers on the properties of oat starch films. Mater Sci Eng C 2009; 29: 532-8. a
[39]
Galdeano MC, Wilhelm AE, Mali S, Grossmann MVE. Influence of thickness on properties of plasticized oat starch films. Braz Arch Biol Technol 2013; 56: 637-44.
[40]
Kulshreshtha Y, Schlangen E, Jonkers HM, Vardon PJ, Paassen LAV. CoRncrete: A corn starch based building material. Constr Build Mater 2017; 154: 411-23.
[41]
Haaj SB, Thielemans W, Magnin A, Boufi S. Starch nanocrystals and starch nanoparticles from waxy maize as nano reinforcement: A comparative study. Carbohydr Polym 2016; 143: 310-7.
[42]
Cuthbert WO, Ray SS, Emmambux NM. Isolation and characterisation of nanoparticles from tef and maize starch modified with stearic acid. Carbohydr Polym 2017; 168: 86-93.
[43]
Campos A, Sena-Neto AR, Rodrigues VB, et al. Bionanocomposites produced from Cassava starch and oil palm mesocarp cellulose nanowhiskers. Carbohydr Polym 2017; 175: 330-6.
[44]
Chi H, Xu K, Wua X, et al. Effect of acetylation on the properties of corn starch. Food Chem 2008; 106(3): 923-8.
[45]
Tay SH, Pang SC, Chin SF. Facile synthesis of starch-maleate monoesters from native sago starch. Carbohydr Polym 2012; 88: 1195-200.
[46]
Castro DSD, Moreira IDS, Silva LDMS, et al. Isolation and characterization of starch from Pitomba endocarp. 2018 (accepted manuscript).
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.06.032.]
[47]
Afolabi TA, Olu-Owolabi BI, Adebowale KO, Awal OS, Akintayo CO. Functional and tableting properties of etylated and oxidised finger millet (Eleusinecoracana) starch. Starch Stärke 2012; 64(4): 326-7.
[48]
Chel-Guerrero L, Barbosa-Martin E, Martinez-Antonio A, González-Mondragón E, Betancur-Ancora D. Some physicochemical and rheological properties of starch isolated from avocado seeds. Int J Biol Macromol 2016; 86(1): 302-8.
[49]
Rengsutthi K, Charoenrein S. Physico-chemical properties of jackfruit seed starch (Artocarpusheterophyllus) and its application as a thickener and stabilizer in chilli sauce. LWT - Food SciTechnol 2011; 44(1): 1309-13.
[50]
Al-Hakkak J. Procedure for separating starch from comminutates of plant materials. 2006; 598 Patent US7001469B2.
[51]
La Torre-Guitiérrez L, Chel-Guerrero LA, Betancur-Ancona D. Functional properties of square banana (Musa balbisiana) starch. Food Chem 2008; 106(1): 1138-44.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2019
Page: [355 - 367]
Pages: 13
DOI: 10.2174/1570163815666181003143732
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 24
HTML: 6