Modeling of Scattering Response for Retrieval of Soil Parameters with Bistatic Radar
Pp. 168-196 (29)
Rishi Prakash and Dharmendra Singh
In this chapter, we will discuss the mathematical formulation of scattering
in the bistatic domain. The scattering phenomenon is associated with the scattering
from the soil surface. The major domain of the discussion is in the light of radar
remote sensing which deals with the characterization of soil parameters with the
help of mathematical modeling, empirical equations and optimization techniques.
This chapter will provide an idea of scattering in the bistatic domain, scatterometer
setup and retrieval methodology of various soil parameters. Soil parameters which
are sensitive for radar scattering are soil texture, soil moisture and surface
roughness. Information of these soil parameters is very important in various
applications, such as agriculture, weather forecasting, soil erosion studies,
hydrological studies and many more. Scattering from soil surface depends on two
major parameters, the first one is sensor parameters and another is soil parameters.
Sensor parameters are frequency, incidence angle and polarization. Role of
incidence angle and polarization on scattering mechanism has been dealt in detail
and it has been shown that they play a major role in the retrieval of soil parameters.
The sensitivity of different soil parameters for scattering coefficient has been
established with experimental observations. Kirchhoff Scalar Approximation is a
theoretical approach which provides mathematical expressions for scattering
coefficient based on well established electromagnetic wave theory. A soil parameter
retrieval methodology relying on theoretical approach along with the experimental
observation has been discussed.
Bistatic scatterometer, Parameter retrieval, Scattering coefficient, Soil
moisture, Soil texture, Surface roughness.
Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.