Frontiers in Information Systems

Volume: 2

Mathematics Applied in Information Systems

Recent developments in information science and technology have been possible due to original and timely research contributions containing new results in various fields of applied mathematics. It is ...
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Development of Software Reliability Growth Models with Time Lag and Change-Point and a New Perspective for Release Time Problem

Pp. 34-52 (19)

Avinash K. Shrivastava and Parmod K. Kapur


Over the past three decades, many software reliability growth models (SRGMs) have been proposed and used to predict and estimate software reliability. One common assumption of these conventional SRGMs is to assume that detected faults will be removed immediately. In reality, this assumption may not be reasonable and may not always occur. During debugging, developers need time to reproduce the failure, identify the root causes of faults, fix them, and then re-run the software. In this chapter, we proposed a fault dependency model considering the fault removal phenomenon as a three-stage process of removing leading, dependent and additional faults in software. Leading faults are those which can be removed upon failure, but dependent faults are masked by leading faults and can only be removed after the corresponding leading faults have been removed. Additional faults are those which are removed during the removal process of dependent fault. These additional faults can’t be removed directly as they are not identified for causing failure. During the removal process of dependent faults testing team detect and remove them from the code. Also during testing, the fault correction rate may not be constant due to change in the testing strategies; experience and skills as time proceeds. The change in detection/correction rate is known as change-point. We have incorporated the concept of change-point to model a new lag function based SRGM. Further in the existing software reliability literature the cost of model framework focuses on the detection or correction process only to calculate the release time and reliability of the software and ignoring the impact of either detection or correction process. As both detection and correction have significant impact on release and reliability prediction hence either of them cannot be neglected. In this chapter we provide a new perspective to the release time problem incorporating both detection and correction costs. Validation of the above models is done on real life software failure data sets of Tandem Computers and a numerical example is also given to illustrate the significance of new release policy.


Change-point, Correction, Cost, Detection, Lag, Non Homogeneous Poisson Process (NHPP) Modelling, Optimization, Release time, Software reliability.


Fortune Institute of International Business, New Delhi, India.