Background: Heavy metal removal from wastewaters can be achieved by conventional
processes such as chemical precipitation, ion exchange, flocculation, and so on. These methods have
significant disadvantages, which are, for instance, incomplete removal, high-energy requirements,
and production of toxic sludge. Nowadays, numerous approaches have been studied for the development
of cheaper and more effective technologies. Adsorption has shown one of the alternative treatments.
Basically, adsorption is a mass transfer process by which a substance is transferred from the
liquid phase to the surface of a solid, and becomes bound by physical and/or chemical interaction.
Methods: In this work, a simple method for determination of cadmium in petroleum effluent samples
using multi-wall carbon nanotubes modified by anthraquinone followed by atomic absorption spectrometry
is described. The structure, morphology and composition of nanosorbents were characterized
by SEM and FT-IR techniques. A Taguchi L-16 method was used for selecting the best experimental
condition. Effects of experimental parameters including pH, amount of the adsorbent, type of
the adsorbent, removal temperature and removal time were investigated.
Results: The results obtained by AAS indicated that the 2, 6-AQ-MWCNTs had much higher adsorption
capacity for Cd(II) ions. The potential interfering ion on the removal efficiency of cadmium was
Conclusion: The method was successfully applied for the determination of cadmium in different
petroleum effluent samples. The applicability of this sorbent was also investigated in some different