A Novel In vitro Experimental System for the Evaluation of Enteric Drug Metabolism: Cofactor-Supplemented Permeabilized Cryopreserved Human Enterocytes (MetMax™ Cryopreserved Human Enterocytes)

Author(s): Albert P. Li*, Kirsten Amaral, Ming-Chih D. Ho

Journal Name: Drug Metabolism Letters

Volume 12 , Issue 2 , 2018

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: We report here an evaluation of a novel experimental system- cofactorsupplemented permeabilized cryopreserved human enterocytes (MetMax™ cryopreserved human enterocytes (MMHE), patent pending) for applications in the evaluation of enteric drug metabolism. A major advantage of MMHE over Conventional Cryopreserved Human Enterocytes (CCHE) is the simplification of the use procedures including storage at -80°C instead of in liquid nitrogen, and use of the cells immediately after thawing without a need for centrifugation and microscopic evaluation of cell density and viability and cell density adjustment.

Methods: In this study, we compared MMHE and CCHE in key phase 1 oxidation and phase 2 conjugation Drug Metabolism Enzyme (DME) activities that we recently reported for cryopreserved human enterocytes: CYP2C9 (diclofenac 4’- hydroxylation), CYP2C19 (s-mephenytoin hydroxylation), CYP3A4 (midazolam 1’-hydroxylation), CYP2J2 (astemizole O-demethylation), uridine 5'-diphosphoglucuronosyltransferase (UGT; 7-hydroxycoumarin glucuronidation), sulfotransferase (SULT; 7- hydroxycoumarin sulfation), N-acetyl transferase-1 (NAT-1; p-benzoic acid N-acetylation), and carboxyesterase- 2 (CES-2; hydrolysis of irinotecan to SN38). Both CCHE and MMHE were active in all the DME pathways evaluated, with specific activities of MMHE ranged from 142% (CYP2C9) to 1713% (UGT) of that for CCHE. β-hydroxylation and testosterone 6.

Result and Conclusion: Our results suggest that the MMHE system represents a convenient and robust in vitro experimental system for the evaluation of enteric drug metabolism.

Keywords: Permeabilized, cryopreserved human enterocytes, MMHE, CCHE, Drug metabolism enzyme (DME), enteric drug metabolism.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Published on: 22 November, 2018
Page: [132 - 137]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1872312812666180820142141

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