Molecular Imprinting Technology (MIT) is a significant method which can be
used to prepare adsorbents with recognition property for target molecules. Those intelligent
materials, namely, Molecular Imprinted Polymers (MIPs) are designed with the help
of the idea that mimics the matching process of key and lock. Based on the theory of
MIPs, Ion-Imprinted Polymers (IIPs) are prepared by using cations or anions as targets.
Compared with traditional adsorbents, they have unique advantages such as high selectivity,
high adsorption capacity and easy regeneration. Owing to the above characteristics,
Imprinting Technology (IT) has become a good candidate for pollutants removal and resources
recycled from environment under the backgrounds of pollution aggravation and
resource shortages. Thus, the present review aims to briefly narrate the fundamentals and
current preparation methods of imprinted polymers, and particularly focus on the applications on human-living
environment involving water, atmosphere and soil.