Comparison between Seven MPPT Techniques Implemented in a Buck Converter

Author(s): Lahcen El Mentaly*, Abdellah Amghar, Hassan Sahsah.

Journal Name: Recent Advances in Electrical & Electronic Engineering
Formerly Recent Patents on Electrical & Electronic Engineering

Volume 12 , Issue 6 , 2019

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Background: The solar field on our planet is inexhaustible, which favors the use of photovoltaic electricity which generates no nuisance: no greenhouse gases, no waste.

Methods: It is a high value-added energy that is produced directly at the place of consumption through photovoltaic (PV) solar panels. Notwithstanding these advantages, the maximum power depends strongly on solar irradiation and temperature, which means that a Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) controller must be inserted between the PV panel and the load in order to follow the Maximum Power Point (MPP) continuously and in real time. In this work, MPP’s behavior was simulated at different temperatures and solar irradiations using seven techniques which identify the MPP by different methods.

Results: The novelty of this work is that the seven MPPT methods were compared according to a very selective criterion which is the MPPT efficiency as well as a purely digital duty cycle control without using the PI controller. The simulation under the PSIM software shows that the FLC, TP, FSCC, TG, HC and IC methods have almost the same efficiency of 99%, whereas the FOCV method had a low efficiency of 96%.

Conclusion: This makes it possible to conclude that the best methods are FLC, HC and IC because they use fewer sensors compared to the rest.

Keywords: MPPT, buck converter, photovoltaic module, hill climbing, incremental conductance, fuzzy logic control, opencircuit voltage method, short-circuit current method, Temperature Gradient (TG), Temperature Parametric (TP).

K. Ishaque, and Z. Salam, "A review of maximum power point tracking techniques of PV system for uniform insolation and partial shading condition", Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 19, pp. 475-488, 2013.
G. Mamatha, "Assessment of different mppt techniques for PV system", J. Electr. Eng., vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 116-123, 2016.
L. Elmentaly, A. Amghar, and H. Sahsah, "Comparison between HC , FOCV and TG MPPT algorithms for PV solar systems using buck converter", In: Wireless Technologies, Embedded and Intelligent Systems (WITS), 2017 International Conference on. IEEE, Fez, Morocco, 2017.
H.J. El-Khozondar, R.J. El-Khozondar, K. Matter, and T. Suntio, "A review study of photovoltaic array maximum power tracking algorithms", Renewables: Wind, Water, and Solar, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2016.
S. Amara, A. Bouallegue, and A. Khedher, "Theoretical and practical study of a photovoltaic MPPT algorithm applied to voltage battery regulation", Int. J. Renew. Energ. Res., vol. 4, no. 1, 2014.
M.A.M. Ramli, S. Twaha, K. Ishaque, and Y.A. Al-Turki, "A review on maximum power point tracking for photovoltaic systems with and without shading conditions", Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 67, pp. 144-159, 2017.
S. Saravanan, and R.N. Babu, "Maximum power point tracking algorithms for photovoltaic system - A review", vol. 57, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., pp. 192-204, 2016.
M.E. El Telbany, A. Youssef, and A.A. Zekry, "Intelligent techniques for MPPT control in photovoltaic systems : A comprehensive review", In: International Artificial Intelligence Conference, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia, pp. 17-22. 2015
A.N.A. Ali., M.H. Saied., M.Z. Mostafa., and T.M. Abdel- Moneim., "A survey of maximum mppt techniques of PV systems", IEEE Energytech, pp. 1-17, 2012.
B. Bendib, H. Belmili, and F. Krim, "A survey of the most used MPPT methods: Conventional and advanced algorithms applied for photovoltaic systems", Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 45, pp. 637-648, 2015.
Á.A. Bayod-Rújula, and J.A. Cebollero-Abián, "A novel MPPT method for PV systems with irradiance measurement", Sol. Energy, vol. 109, no. 1, pp. 95-104, 2014.
"Overall Efficiency of Grid Connected Photovoltaic Inverters", Tech. rep., European Standard EN 50530. 2010,
N. Karami, N. Moubayed, and R. Outbib, "General review and classification of different MPPT Techniques", Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 68, pp. 1-18, 2017.
H.J. El-Khozondar, R.J. El-Khozondar, and K. Matter, "Parameters influence on MPP value of the photo voltaic cell", Energy Procedia, vol. 74, pp. 1142-1149, 2015.
J. Bikaneria, S.P. Joshi, and A.D. Joshi, "Modeling and simulation of PV cell using one-diode model", Int. J. Sci. Res., vol. 3, no. 10, p. 4, 2013.
H. Taheri, Z. Salam, and K. Ishaque and Syafaruddin, "A novel maximum power point tracking control of photovoltaic system under partial and rapidly fluctuating shadow conditions using differential evolution,", In: IEEE Symposium on Industrial Electronics and Applications (ISIEA), Penang, Malaysia, pp. 82-87. 2010
M. Sarvi, I. Soltani, and I.N. Avanaki, "A water cycle algorithm maximum power point tracker for photovoltaic energy conversion system under partial shading", , vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 103-116, 2014.
The ‘HELP’ of PSIM software,
J. Park, H. Kim, Y. Cho, and C. Shin, "Simple modeling and simulation of photovoltaic panels using Matlab / Simulink modeling of photovoltaic module", Adv. Sci. Technol. Lett, vol. 73, no. FGCN 14, pp. 147-155, 2014.
A. Haque, "Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) scheme for solar photovoltaic system", Energ. Technol. Policy, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 115-122, 2014.
T.T. Nguyen, H.W. Kim, G.H. Lee, and W. Choi, "Design and implementation of the low cost and fast solar charger with the rooftop PV array of the vehicle", Sol. Energy, vol. 96, pp. 83-95, 2013.
W. Xiao, and W.G. Dunford, "A modified adaptive hill climbing MPPT method for photovoltaic power systems", In: 35th IEEE Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference, Aachen, Germany, vol. 3, pp. 1957-1963. 2004
H. Rezk, and A.M. Eltamaly, "A comprehensive comparison of different MPPT techniques for photovoltaic systems", Sol. Energy, vol. 112, pp. 1-11, 2015.
F. Liu, Y. Kang, Z. Yu, and S. Duan, "Comparison of P&O and hill climbing MPPT methods for grid-connected PV converter", In: 3rd IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications, ICIEA, Singapore, pp. 804-807. 2008
K. Ishaque, Z. Salam, M. Amjad, and S. Mekhilef, "An Improved Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)-based MPPT for PV with reduced steady-state oscillation", IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 3627-3638, 2012.
B. Bekker, and H.J. Beukes, "Finding an optimal PV panel maximum power point tracking method,", In: IEEE Africon. 7th Africon Conference in Africa (IEEE Cat. No.04CH37590), vol. 2. Gaborone, Botswana, pp. 1125-1130. 2004
T. Esram, and P.L. Chapman, "Comparison of photovoltaic array maximum power point tracking techniques", In: IEEE Transact. Energ. Convers, vol. 22. no. 2, pp. 439-449. 2007
M. Park, and I-K. Yu, "A study on the optimal voltage for MPPT obtained by surface temperature of solar cell", In: 30th Annual Conference of IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. IECON 2004, Busan, South Korea, vol. 3, 2004, pp. 2040-2045.
R. Faranda, S. Leva, and V. Maugeri, "MPPT techniques for PV systems: Energetic and cost comparison", In: IEEE Power and Energy Society 2008 General Meeting: Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, pp. 1-6. 2008
O. Wasynezuk, "Dynamic behavior of a class of photovoltaic power systems", IEEE Trans. Power Apparatus Syst, vol. PAS-102, no. 9, pp. 3031-3037, 1983.
B. Subudhi, and R. Pradhan, "A comparative study on maximum power point tracking techniques for photovoltaic power systems", IEEE Transact. Sustain. Energ., vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 89-98, 2013.
H.A. Sher, A.F. Murtaza, A. Noman, K.E. Addoweesh, K. Al-Haddad, and M. Chiaberge, "A new sensorless hybrid MPPT algorithm based on fractional short-circuit current measurement and P&O MPPT", IEEE Transact. Sustain. Energ., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1426-1434, 2015.
R. Faranda, and S. Leva, "A comparative study of MPPT techniques for PV Systems", In: 7th WSEAS International Conference on Application of Electrical Engineering (AEE’08), Trondheim, Norway, pp. 100-105. 2008
C.C. Lee, "Fuzzy logic in control systems : Fuzzy logic controller - Part 1", IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 404-418, 1990.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2019
Page: [476 - 486]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/2352096511666180705113647
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 17