Diverse Therapeutic Potential of Nitidine, A Comprehensive Review

Author(s): Haroon Khan*, Taibi Ben Hadda, Rachid Touzani

Journal Name: Current Drug Metabolism

Volume 19 , Issue 12 , 2018

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Nitidine is a bioactive plant benzophenanthridine alkaloid isolated from the root of Zanthoxylum nitidum. Since its discovery in 1959, literature revealed marked anticancer, neuroprotective, antimalarial, anti-HIV, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antifungal activities. However, its clinical status is not defined yet.

Methods: Various scientific search engines were used for the available literature All the peer-reviewed journals were considered in this review. MOE (molecular operating environment) ligand-based pharmacophores features of nitidine were also studied to determine the various targeted sites in the molecule.

Results: The search revealed an outstanding therapeutic potential in terms of various pharmacological effects of the molecule. MOE (Molecular Operating Environment) ligand-based pharmacophores features of nitidine showed that it has got multiple bioactive functional sites that implicate its sensitivity towards several receptors protein and therefore could be a useful lead compound. Despite having an outstanding therapeutic potential, it is not subjected to clinical trial yet, probably, due to host toxicity and being a quaternary salt, charged at all body pH values, and therefore, absorption through the gastro-intestinal-tract could be an issue.

Conclusion: The issues can be resolved while applying latest pharmaceutical technologies, synthesizing its derivatives and subsequent clinical studies and thus could lead to the discovery of new clinically effective molecule(s).

Keywords: Nitidine, benzophenanthridine, alkaloid, Zanthoxylum nitidum, MOE ligand based pharmacophores features, clinical trials.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Published on: 19 October, 2018
Page: [986 - 991]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389200219666180628165643
Price: $65

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