Hepatitis B Antigen Loaded Biodegradable Polymeric Nanoparticles: Formulation Optimization and In-vivo Immunization in BALB/c Mice

Author(s): Hitesh K. Dewangan, Sanjay Singh*, Lakshmi Maurya, Amrita Srivastava

Journal Name: Current Drug Delivery

Volume 15 , Issue 8 , 2018

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Graphical Abstract:


Objective: The incredibly serious problem of Hepatitis B is virus-related chronic liver disease. The conventional preventive treatment of Hepatitis B requires booster dose, which requires repeated administration of the vaccine to the subject. Thus, there is a need to develop a formulation which can eliminate the need of frequent dosing and enhance patient’s acquiescence. To prepare single dose nanovaccine of HBsAg by utilizing central composite design for optimization and interaction of independent variables effects on measured response.

Methods: Nanovaccines were characterized for particle size, morphology, integrity, internalization, proliferation response and haemocompatibility. Nanoparticles at single and multiple doses were compared with booster dose of alum-HBsAg vaccine and measure the immunological marker and cytokine (interleukin-2 and interferon-Y) levels by ELISA techniques in BALB/c mice.

Results: The designed nanoparticles were found to have nanometric size, high entrapment efficiency and retained antigen integrity. Nanoparticles showed maximum proliferation and efficiently internalized by lymph and spleen cell without eliciting significant toxicity and haemocampatible.

Conclusion: The comparable data of anti-HBsAg titre between nanovaccine and alum adsorbed HBsAg demonstrated that single dose of nanoparticles is sufficient for production of immunoglobulin plus cytokine levels, maintain immunogenicity at longer period of time and eliminate the booster dose. Nanovaccines trigger immune responses and showing adjuvant properties.

Keywords: Hepatitis B Antigen, PLGA nanoparticles, nanovaccine, immunization, cytokine, haemocompatibility.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Published on: 16 August, 2018
Page: [1204 - 1215]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1567201815666180604110457
Price: $65

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