Ag0 Nanoparticles Synthesized in R-phycoerythrin: Change in Bioconjugate Properties upon Ripening of Nanoparticles

Author(s): Olga D. Bekasova, Vita A. Stein-Margolina, Boris I. Kurganov*.

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 19 , Issue 5 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Bioconjugates prepared from photoactive molecules and metal nanoparticles are suitable for the development of new optoelectronic devices and for theranostic applications in medicine.

Methods: We produced a bioconjugate of R-phycoerythrin (R-PE), a photosynthetic pigment of red algae, with Ag0 nanoparticles (Ag0 NPs) synthesized in its tunnel cavities by mixing aqueous solutions of AgNO3 and R-PE without exogenous reductant. In freshly prepared bioconjugate (Ag0⋅R-PE), the diameter of Ag0 NPs measured in electron microscopic images was 6.5 ± 0.5 nm, being commensurate with the length of R-PE tunnel cavity, and they were found to emit bright visible fluorescence.

Result: The initial aggregation temperature (T0) of freshly prepared Ag0⋅R-PE was decreased, compared to that of native R-PE (33 vs. 44°C). Upon the ripening of Ag0 NPs, their fluorescence was almost entirely quenched, and giant surface-enhanced Raman scattering was recorded. The bioconjugate self-assembled into nanorods 25 ± 5 nm long and could withstand heating to 90°C. Further heating (90°C → 100°C) resulted in the formation of filaments which are 0.5 ± 0.2 μm long and spherical aggregates 60 ± 10 nm in diameter.

Conclusion: These data can contribute to the development of practical applications for the Ag0⋅R-PE bioconjugate.

Keywords: Ag0 nanoparticles, R-phycoerythrin, photoactive bioconjugate, shape and size, optical properties, aggregation.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2018
Page: [422 - 427]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1389201019666180604103203
Price: $65

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