Preparation and Characterization of Zn1-xNixFe2O4 Nanoparticles with Spinel Structure Synthesized by Hydrothermal Method

Author(s): Xueliang Zhu, Zhiqiang Wei*, Wenhua Zhao, Xu-dong Zhang, Xiao-juan Wu, Jin-Long Jiang.

Journal Name: Current Nanoscience

Volume 14 , Issue 6 , 2018

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Abstract:

Background: Among the mixed transition metal oxides, ZnFe2O4 as a binary metal oxide with a spinel structure has a wide range of application prospects in materials science and technology. The microstructure, energy band structure, optical properties and magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 can be modified by element doping.

Objective: In this work, the influences of Ni doping upon the structure, morphology, optical and magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 were studied.

Methods: Pure and Ni-doped Zn1-xNixFe2O4 nanoparticles with different concentration (x = 0, 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5) were successfully synthesized by hydrothermal method. XRD, HRTEM, XEDS, UV– vis, FT-IR and VSM were utilized to investigate the Zn1-xNixFe2O4 nanocrystals samples.

Results: The experimental results show that all Zn1-xNixFe2O4 nanoparticles have cubic spinel structure with good crystallization. Ni2+ successfully substituted for the lattice site of Zn2+ and generated single-phase ZnFe2O4 without other impurity phases. After Ni doping, the grain size distribution increased, the bandwidth increased and ferromagnetism increased.

Conclusion: The crystalline size increased as Ni concentration increased, while its the lattice constant occurshrink expansion. The energy band gap of Zn1-xNixFe2O4 nanocrystals increased as Ni concentration increased, and blue shift occurred compared to that of the pure ZnFe2O4. Pure ZnFe2O4 nanocrystals showed superparamagnetic properties, while the doped Zn1-xNixFe2O4 samples have obvious ferromagnetic properties at room temperature.

Keywords: Ni doped, ZnFe2O4, hydrothermal method, microstructure, optical properties, magnetic properties.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2018
Page: [474 - 480]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1573413714666180528074117
Price: $65

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