Electrochemical Biosensors Based on Conductive Polymers and Their Applications in Biomedical Analysis
Pp. 208-248 (41)
Sławomira Skrzypek and Paweł Krzyczmonik
Biosensors are a very important subject in the contemporary analytics,
mainly in biomedical area. This chapter describes biosensors built with the use of
conductive polymers. Conductive polymers provide electrical conductivity of the
forming layer, they may function as mediators in red-ox processes and they can enable
the immobilization of a biological agent on their surface. Nowadays, in the center of
attention are composite materials in which, next to conductive polymers,
nanostructured materials such as graphene, carbon nanotubes and quantum dots are
applied. In the chapter, the basic modes of biosensors of the first, the second and the
third generation, are described. The examples of different enzymatic and affinity
biosensors are presented.
Amperometry, Antibodies, Biosensors, Cholesterol oxidase,
Conductive polymers, Enzymes, Glucose oxidase, Immobilization, Laccase,
PEDOT, Potentiometry, Urease.
Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.