A Rapid and Sensitive HPLC-FLD Method for the Determination of Retinol and Vitamin E Isomers in Human Serum

Author(s): Yi Yang, Dan Lu, Danni Yang, Shuo Yin, Jing Zhang, Bo Zheng, Yongxin Li, Chengjun Sun*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Analysis

Volume 15 , Issue 7 , 2019

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Retinol and vitamin E are fat-soluble vitamins crucial for human health, yet their isomers’ distributions in the human body are still known roughly. In order to figure out the physical condition and evaluate the nutritional status of an individual, it is imperative to analyze retinol and VE isomers in human serum.

Objective: This work aims to establish a rapid and simple high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection for simultaneous determination of retinol and vitamin E isomers in human serum.

Methods: Separation was accomplished on a common C18 column thermostated at 25 oC, using a simple isocratic elution program of methanol/acetonitrile (85:15, v/v) at a flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. Fluorescence detection was operated using excitation/emission wavelengths of 329 nm/472 nm for retinol and 294 nm/338 nm for VE isomers, respectively.

Results: Rapid separation was achieved within 13 min. Linear ranges of the method were 0.020-50.0 µg/mL, with correlation coefficients greater than 0.999. Detection limits and the quantification limits were 0.001-0.004 µg/mL and 0.003- 0.013 µg/mL, respectively. Mean recoveries were 84.1%- 98.2%, with intra-day and inter-day relative standard deviations less than 12.3% and 13.6%, respectively. This method has been applied to the simultaneous determination of retinol and 8 VE isomers in human serum samples with satisfactory results.

Conclusion: A rapid, simple and robust method was developed for routine analysis of retinol and eight vitamin E isomers in human serum, providing a useful tool for clinical diagnosis and nutritional evaluation.

Keywords: High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), fluorescence detection (FLD), retinol, tocopherol, tocotrienol, human serum.

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Article Details

Year: 2019
Published on: 15 October, 2019
Page: [745 - 752]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573412914666180419144814
Price: $65

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