Investigation of the Roles of Non-neuronal Acetylcholine in Chronic Myeloid Leukemic Cells and their Erythroid or Megakaryocytic Differentiated Lines

Author(s): Banu Aydın, Hülya Cabadak*, M. Zafer Gören

Journal Name: Anti-Cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
(Formerly Current Medicinal Chemistry - Anti-Cancer Agents)

Volume 18 , Issue 10 , 2018

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Background: Many studies suggested that Acetylcholine (ACh) might serve as an autocrine/ paracrine growth factor in several types of tumors or tumor cell lines. High levels of Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity have been reported in primary brain tumors, ovarian, colon and lung tumors.

Objectives: The role of cholinergic signaling needs to be clarified in in leukemia.

Method: K562 cells were derived from a chronic myelogenous leukemia patient during blast crisis serving as pluripotent hematopoietic stem cells. K562 cells were incubated with various cholinergic agonists or antagonists to investigate the role of ACh in different differentiated cell lines.

Results: Our experiments showed that AChE activity was increased in response to ACh in undifferentiated K562 cells, but in the erythroid differentiated K562 cells a high concentration of ACh (1 mM) decreased the AChE activity. ACh failed to elevate the AChE activity in the megakaryocytic differentiated K562 cells. An AChE inhibitor, eserine, also suppressed the AChE activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Choline uptake inhibition by hemicholinium did increase the AChE activity but not in the erythroid differentiated K562 cell line. Likewise, megakaryocytic differentiated K562 cells also displayed a similar pattern. Vesamicole, a vesicular choline uptake inhibitor, produced similar results. Curare, a nicotinic antagonist, elevated the cell counts of the megakaryocytic differentiated cells.

Conclusion: Our findings may suggest excess extracellular ACh will decrease the cell growth in undifferentiated and megakaryocytic differentiated K562 cell lines through nicotinic type cholinoceptors.

Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase, curare, vesamicole, hemicholinium 3, K562 cells, cholinergic.

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Article Details

Year: 2018
Page: [1440 - 1447]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1871520618666180406123154
Price: $65

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