The following review is oriented towards microbes linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and antimicrobial
effect of compounds and extracts derived from aquatic organisms against specific bacteria,
fungi and viruses which were found previously in patients suffering from AD. Major group of microbes
linked to AD include bacteria: Chlamydia pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Porphyromonas gingivalis,
Fusobacterium nucleatum, Prevotella intermedia, Actinomyces naeslundii, spirochete group; fungi: Candida
sp., Cryptococcus sp., Saccharomyces sp., Malassezia sp., Botrytis sp., and viruses: herpes simplex
virus type 1 (HSV-1), Human cytomegalovirus (CMV), hepatitis C virus (HCV). In the light of that fact,
this review is the first to link antimicrobial potential of aquatic organisms against these sorts of microbes.
This literature review might serve as a starting platform to develop novel supportive therapy for patients
suffering from AD and to possibly prevent escalation of the disease in patients already having high-risk
factors for AD occurrence.