Background: Chirp signals are widely applied in radar systems, biomedicine, seismic
prospecting and many other fields. It is difficult to estimate fast and accurately original frequency and
chirp rate of chirp signals because of the existence of stable noise in the echo signals.
Methods: In this paper, a parameter estimation method for chirp signals is proposed. Firstly, the impulse
characteristics of stable noise in the echo signals is suppressed. Secondly, chirp rate of chirp signals is
easily calculated by Quadratic Phase Function (QPF) method and the order of Fractional Fourier
Transform (FRFT) can be determined.
Results: Finally, the original frequency of chirp signals can be estimated by FRFT method. Simulation
results demonstrate that the proposed method can achieve higher accuracy than the single FRFT method
and the running speed of the proposed method is nearly three times faster than the single FRFT method.