Background: Biopolymers based materials (polysaccharides, lipids, proteins, and nucleic
acids) are one of the basic resources in bio-engineering sciences because of desirable features. Moreover,
nanobiotechnology innovates nanomaterial and associated technique in nano medicine (drug delivery
and tissue engineering).
Methods: In the nano-medicine, fibers are introduced as a successful biomimetic extracellular matrix
scaffolds and drug carrier systems. Electrospinning as a simple and cost-effective technique is used to
design nanofibers. Natural polymers including chitosan, alginic acid, hyaluronic acid, collagen, gelatin,
and albumin are excellent candidates for electrospinning. However, these types of biopolymers typically
have difficulty in electrospinning.
Results: Therefore, for spinning of these polymers, the condition of the procedure including solvent,
copolymer addition, cross-linker addition, and optimization of spinning should be done.
Conclusion: The present study gathered information about fiber-based nanodevices from biopolymers
in a drug transportation or tissue engineering.