Dengue Fever: New Tools for Treatment and Prevention
Pp. 286-308 (23)
Andrea N. M. R. Da Silva, Jefferson J. S. Santos and Laura H.V.G. Gil
Dengue is a viral disease of leading public health impact worldwide.
Transmitted by bites from infected Aedes spp. mosquitos, dengue virus (DENV)
infections cause a wide range of clinical manifestations, including asymptomatic
infection, dengue fever (DF), and dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome
(DHF/DSS). The pathogenesis of its most severe form, DHF/DSS, is not fully
understood. With no licensed vaccine or specific antiviral therapy available, dengue
prevention depends heavily on vector control efforts, which have proven difficult.
Molecular and immunological tools have been indispensable to the development of
DENV vaccine candidates, the identification of immunological correlates of protection,
the early detection of disease prognosis and a better understanding of dengue
pathogenesis. This chapter reviews the efforts, challenges and recent progress in the
field towards dengue treatment and prevention.
ADE, Clinical management, Dengue disease, Dengue fever, Dengue
immunology, Dengue pathogenesis, Dengue vaccines, Dengue virus, DF, DHF,
DSS, Flow cytometry, Immunological profile, MicroRNAs, Predictive markers,
Reverse genetics, RNA interference, Small interfering RNAs, Therapeutics,
Vaccine candidates, Vector control.
Department of Virology and Experimental Therapy, Aggeu Magalhaes Research Center, CPqAMFIOCRUZ, Recife-PE, Brazil.