Background: Pharmacovigilance is the science that plays an essential role in the reduction
of ADRs which helps in predicting unwanted effects of drugs in community. Studying adverse drug
reaction is an important arm of patient care. It aims at making the safe use of medicines for the
treatment or prevention of disease.
Objectives: To assess knowledge, Practice and attitudes toward pharmacovigilance and adverse drug
reactions reporting process among Health Care Providers in Dammam, KSA.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional and questionnaire-based study involving health care providers
working in different hospitals. 160 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents (25 doctors, 65
nurses, 50 pharmacists and 25 other health care provides). Participants were selected randomly and
those not willing to participate were excluded from the study. Chi-square test was used for the
calculation of P-Value.
Results: 135 participants responded to the questionnaire, while 160 participants were recruited for the
study. The majority (n= 99, 73.33%, p=0.007) had no idea about national pharmacovigilance centers of
KSA. The standard SFDA adverse drug reaction form was only known to 38.51 %, p=0.028 and only
38.51 %, p=0.002 were aware about electronic reporting of ADR. Only 34 %, p =0.002 of the respondents
had ever reported an adverse drug reactions, 76.29 %, p=0.041 have not attended any training on ADR
reporting and 86.66%, p=0.045 participants have no idea about impact of ADR reporting.
Conclusion: The knowledge and attitude to ADR reporting was inadequate, our study has shown that
the actual practice of ADR reporting is unsatisfactory. This indicates that there is a need to create an
awareness of the importance of ADR reporting through CME/training of ADR reporting among