Background and Objective: Aging can result in a progressive decline in
cellular protection and physiological function. The physiological status and microbiota of
the intestine are intensively linked to the aging process. Numerous studies have
suggested that Sargassum fusiforme polysaccharides possess antioxidant and antiaging
activities. However, it remains unclear as to whether S. fusiforme polysaccharides
can prevent the insult of oxidant and aging through modulating the physiological status
and microbiota of the intestine.
Methods: To assess the cytoprotective effect of S. fusiforme polysaccharides (SFPS) in
the small intestine of mice embarking on the aging process, we compared the
expressions of Nrf2 and several representative markers (SOD-2, CAT, NQO1 and HO-1)
of the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway in the small intestine of male ICR mice fed with a
control diet with those of mice fed with a SFPS-containing diet. In addition, the overall
compositional changes in the small intestine microbiota were determined by 16s rDNA
sequencing followed by alpha and beta diversity analyses.
Results: The results showed that dietary intake of SFPS could ameliorate the declined
cytoprotective capacity of the small intestine by upregulating the Nrf2/ARE signaling
pathway. Moreover, SFPS could partially rejuvenate the overall status of the small
Conclusion: The results suggested that dietary SFPS may promote the health condition
of the small intestine, consequently leading to a healthy aging.