Background: CXC Chemokine Receptor 4 (CXCR4) and NFE–related factor 2 (Nrf2) have been
observed implicated with cell malignant behavior of human cancers.
Aims: In this study, we detected their expression in gastric carcinoma (GC) tissue specimens and related the
result with clinicopathological data and patient survival.
Methods: 120 GC and compared normal tissue specimens were processed to analyse the expression of CXCR4
and Nrf2. We found that the expression of CXCR4 and Nrf2 was dramatically increased in GC tissues when
compared to the distant non-cancer tissues (P<0.05). CXCR4 overexpression was associated with the depth of
invasion (P= 0.006) Histological grade (P=0.018) TNMstage (P= 0.021) lymph node metastasis (P < 0.001)
and distant metastasis (P=0.026), whereas overexpression of Nrf2 protein was significantly associated with
tumor size (P=0.045), Histological grade (P=0.026), TNMstage (P= 0.020), lymph node metastases (P < 0.001)
and distant metastasis (P=0.008). Furthermore, we observed a significant co-expression of CXCR4 and Nrf2
expression in GC specimens.
Results: In the survival part, we found that GC patients with CXCR4+ and Nrf2+ had worse outcomes. The
significant prognostic indicators are age, tumor size, histological grade, TNMstage, CXCR4, Nrf2, and coexpression
of CXCR4 and Nrf2 in GC patients. Multivariate analysis showed that TNMstage and
CXCR4+/Nrf2+ expression were risk factors. Above all we come to the conclusion that the expression of
CXCR4 might partly be regulated by the level of Nrf2 and both positive expressions suggest poor prognosis of