Advances in Glow Discharge Spectroscopy for Depth Profile Analytical Applications
Pp. 124-140 (17)
Lara Lobo and Rosario Pereiro
Glow discharges (GDs), either coupled to optical emission or to mass
spectrometry, have been widely investigated during the last three decades for a high
variety of direct solid analytical applications. The intrinsic characteristics of these
techniques, e.g. low matrix effects, multi-elemental capabilities, analytical sensitivity
and good depth resolution, explain the continuous effort towards new developments
aiming at further broadening their applications field and, so, the interesting applications
reported so far.
In this chapter, a brief description of the basics of the GDs is given first. Most recent
instrumental advances will be then described in detail, both for optical emission and
mass spectrometry, together with the analytical improvements that these instrumental
progresses have allowed. Particular interest is paid to GD time-of-flight mass
spectrometry, as this instrumentation (commercially launched in 2014) has proved to
be promising in terms of high depth resolution, fast acquisition rates and time-gated
detection, showing also interesting capabilities to obtain both elemental and molecular
Finally, recent applications of GD techniques are described (focusing on the last five
years). Special attention is given to the characterization of advanced materials such as
multilayers, thin film solar cells and polymers.
Depth profile analysis, Direct solid analysis, Elemental analysis,
Glow discharge, Mass spectrometry, Multi-matrix calibration, Multilayers,
Optical emission spectrometry, Thin films, Time of flight.
Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo, Spain.