Background: Nano-oncology and interventional oncology are both rapidly emerging fields in cancer
therapies. Synergistic combination of the both fields offers drastic improvements in performance and efficacy of
cancer killing agents.
Objective: This review is to overview the studies focusing on these two crossing fields and to give an overlook of
their future development. Interventional techniques such as selective arterial catheterization, irreversible electroporation
(IRE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) dramatically enhanced cancer targetability and anticancer efficacy of
nanoparticles (NPs). Furthermore, synergistic effects were observed when using different interventional techniques
together on NPs directed cancer treatments. On the other hand, NPs improved thermal ablation as well by fundamentally
improving heating efficiency, facilitating heat triggered local drug delivery, and increasing cancer control in
marginal peri-ablated zones and distant regions.
Conclusion: Crossing applications of the both techniques such as percutaneous delivery of near infrared (NIR) into
deep tumors by needle insertion and conformal thermal ablation are highly anticipated.