Background: Now-a-days, herbal treatments are preferred over synthetic drugs for a
range of human brain disorders including, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson’s disease, depression, epilepsy,
schizophrenia, anxiety, etc. Ayurvedic system of medicine has traditionally been used in several
neurological conditions. In general, much attention is drawn towards the established traditional
systems of herbal remedies for many brain disorders, generating positive hopes for the patients. It is
estimated that more than 60 million Indian population suffers from mental disorders.
Results: Easy accessibility, negligible incidence of side effects and cost effectiveness of plant products
offer considerable advantages. The Ayurvedic prescriptions have been proven to be very useful
in mental health. The plant materials prescribed for these problems range from herbs to perennial
trees with varied plant parts, ranging from whole plant, roots, stem, bark, leaves, flowers, fruits to
seeds. A total of fifty six promising plants have been selected. The chemical structure of the major
compounds from these plants range from straight chain fatty acids to terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids,
alkaloids, peptides, etc.
Conclusion: In the present paper, it has been attempted to review the botanical descriptions,
Ayurvedic prescriptions, scientific validations and chemical compositions of the plants which have
been in use as an ingredient of Ayurvedic medicine for mental health.