Nanoscience and nanotechnology made their appearance in the scientific scene at a time
when both the economy of Spain and the Spanish Research and Innovation System were experiencing
strong growth. This circumstance resulted in a remarkable development of nanoscience and nanotechnology
especially in universities and public research institutions such as the Spanish National Research
Council (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas-CSIC). However, this development in academia
has not been reflected in a similar increment in the transfer of knowledge to the productive sector
despite several efforts and initiatives were launched. The CSIC, the main generator of scientific knowledge
in Spain, has designed and implemented a series of actions in order to take advantage of the
knowledge generated in nanotechnology by its research groups by mean of an appropriate transfer to
both the Spanish and the international industry.
Method: Internal methodologies used in CSIC in order to protect and commercialize nanotechnology
based intellectual property as well as their effects are reviewed. The evolution of CSIC nanotechnology
patents portfolio is also analyzed.
Results: There has been a clear increase in the patent license agreements of CSIC in the period 2002-
2015 in the field of nanotechnology. This increase is correlated to these facts: (i) Highly qualified team
managing Intellectual Property issues, (ii) The presence of CSIC in international fairs, and (iii) Proactive
search of companies and investors.
Conclusion: Successful results can be achieved in technology transfer when the appropriate resources
are available and properly organized with an adequate combination of efforts in knowledge protection,
promotion and commercialization of technologies and support to the scientific entrepreneurs of the institution.