Background: The Military International HIV Training Program (MIHTP) was established
in 2002 to address the overwhelming needs of international military personnel concerning
HIV and AIDS prevention, care, and treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine shortterm
knowledge transfer in trainees attending the MIHTP by comparing data collected from pretraining
and post-training knowledge assessments.
Methods: We used identical 40-question multiple choice pre-training and post-training assessments
to determine the short-term transfer of knowledge of international HIV military physicians attending
Results: Findings revealed a statistically significant increase in short-term transfer of knowledge of
HIV prevention, care, and treatment in a population of international military physicians, nurses, and
auxiliary medical personnel from 47 developing countries (n=136). Trainees had significantly
higher post-test scores (67.9%) compared with pre-test scores (50.5%, p<0.001). Trainees showed a
similar level of HIV knowledge as assessed by pre-training evaluations (F=1.38).
Conclusion: We found significant increases in acquired individual knowledge after a 4-week HIV
training program. Results of this study are important as many developing countries rely heavily on
international training programs to aid in the development of health care systems in an ever-changing