Background: Compared with the general population in low- and middle-income countries,
military members tend to be male, young, travel more frequently away from their main sexual
partners, drink more alcohol and have a consistent source of income. All of these factors may lead to
an increased risk of contracting HIV.
Objective: In response, the Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Program advocates for the
integration of HIV prevention “building blocks” into military health services to reduce the risk of
acquiring HIV among foreign uniformed services.
Method: The building blocks include basic HIV education including outreach, condom promotion,
enabling HIV policies, HIV testing services, screening for sexually transmitted infections, voluntary
medical male circumcision where appropriate, prevention of mother-to-child transmission, and other
Conclusion: The Department of Defense HIV/AIDS Prevention Programs supports implementation
of these building blocks though partnerships with foreign militaries. This comprehensive prevention
package, when closely linked with HIV treatment services, is the cornerstone of creating an HIVfree
generation in military and surrounding communities worldwide.