Background: Sleep and epilepsy are mutually related in a complex, bidirectional manner.
However, our understanding of this relationship remains unclear.
Results: The literatures of the neurobiological basis of the interactions between sleep and epilepsy
indicate that non rapid eye movement sleep and idiopathic generalized epilepsy share the same
thalamocortical networks. Most of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators such as adenosine, melatonin,
prostaglandin D2, serotonin, and histamine are found to regulate the sleep-wake behavior and
also considered to have antiepilepsy effects; antiepileptic drugs, in turn, also have effects on sleep.
Furthermore, many drugs that regulate the sleep-wake cycle can also serve as potential antiseizure
agents. The nonpharmacological management of epilepsy including ketogenic diet, epilepsy
surgery, neurostimulation can also influence sleep.
Conclusion: In this paper, we address the issues involved in these phenomena and also discuss the
various therapies used to modify them.