Electrochemical reactions, with clean power, can prepare valuable chemicals directly and
improve yield efficiency and reduce the three wastes, which have become one of the green methodologies.
Ionic liquids have attracted increasing attention in the area of electrochemistry due to their significant
properties including good chemical and thermal stability, wide liquid temperature range, considerable
ionic conductivity, nonflammability, broad electrochemical potential window and tunable solvent
properties. This review covers recent studies on the applications of ILs as green and universal replacements
for the traditional reagents in electrochemical reactions such as oxidation, reduction, electrosynthesis,
and some other reactions. The adaptabilities of ILs in these reactions are predicted as a solution
to the problems of conventional electrochemical processes and to become a powerful method in electrochemical
Keywords: Ionic liquids, electrochemistry, electrooxidation, electroreduction, electrosynthesis, electrocatalysis.
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