Decrease in the Generation of Amyloid-β Due to Salvianolic Acid B by Modulating BACE1 Activity

Author(s): Siva Sundara Kumar Durairajan*, Venkat Reddy Chirasani, Sravan Gopalakrishnan Shetty, Ashok Iyaswamy, Sandeep Malampati, Juxian Song, Liangfeng Liu, Jiandong Huang, Sanjib Senapati, Min Li*

Journal Name: Current Alzheimer Research

Volume 14 , Issue 11 , 2017

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Objective: Generation and accumulation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide after proteolytic processing of the full length amyloid precursor protein (FL-APP) by β-secretase (β-site APP cleaving enzyme or BACE1) and γ-secretase are the main causal factors of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, inhibition of BACE1, a rate-limiting enzyme in the production of Aβ, is an attractive therapeutic approach for the treatment of AD. Recent studies suggest that salvianolic acid B (Sal B) is isolated from the radix of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, a Chinese herbal medicine commonly used for the treatment of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and liver diseases in China.

Method: In this study, we discovered that Sal B acted as a BACE1 modulator and reduced the level of secreted Aβ in two different Swedish APP (SwedAPP) mutant cell lines. Using N2a-mouse and H4- human neuroglioma cell lines expressing SwedAPP, it was demonstrated that Sal B significantly and dose-dependently decreased the generation of extracellular Aβ, soluble APPβ (by-product of APP cleaved by BACE1), and intracellular C-terminal fragment β from APP without influencing α-secretase and γ-secretase activity and the levels of FL-APP. In addition, using protein-docking, we determined the potential conformation of Sal B on BACE1 docking and revealed the interactions of Sal B with the BACE1 catalytic center.

Results: The docking provides a feasible explanation for the experimental results, especially in terms of the molecular basis of Sal B's action. Our results indicate that Sal B is a BACE1 inhibitor and, as such, is a promising candidate for the treatment of AD

Keywords: Aβ generation, BACE-1, Docking, Salvianolic acid B, Soluble amyloid precursor protein-β, Traditional Chinese medicine.

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Year: 2017
Page: [1229 - 1237]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1567205014666170417103003
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