Background & Objective: Fullerene-containing liquid crystals have attracted considerable attention
in a wide variety of fields including materials science, supramolecular chemistry, bioscience, nanoscience and
nanotechnology based on the outstanding photophysical and electrochemical properties of fullerenes. This review
describes the recent and significant developments of fullerene-containing liquid crystals which displayed
thermotropic liquid crystalline phases.
Method: Different strategies, such as fullerenes dispersed in liquid crystals, liquid crystals as precursors to
prepare fullerene-containing liquid crystals and self-assemble of fullerene derivatives, have been used to obtain
such liquid crystalline materials with the enhancement of properties.
Conclusion: Liquid crystalline phase behavior of nanomaterials themselves, self-assembly and alignment of
nanomaterials in liquid-crystalline media have been discussed in this review. It should be certain that this kind
of materials will play an important role in nanoscience and nanotechnology in the near future.