Background: Climate change is rapidly affecting all the regions of our planet. The most relevant example
is global warming, which impacts on the earth’s ecosystems, threatening human health. Other effects include
extreme variations in temperature and increases in air pollution. These events may negatively impact mortality
and morbidity for cardiovascular diseases.
Methods: In this review, we discuss the main effects of climate changes on cardiovascular diseases, reporting the
epidemiological evidences and the biological mechanisms linking climate change consequences to hypertension,
diabetes, ischemic heart diseases, heart failure and stroke.
Results: Up to now, findings suggest that humans acclimate under different weather conditions, even though
extreme temperatures and higher levels of air pollution can influence health-related outcomes. In these cases,
climate change adversely affects cardiovascular system and the high-risk subjects for cardiovascular diseases are
those more exposed.
Conclusion: Finally, we examine climate change implications on publich health and suggest adaptation strategies
to monitor the high-risk population, and reduce the amount of hospital admissions associated to these events.
Such interventions may minimize the costs of public health and reduce the mortality for cardiovascular diseases.