A New Entry into Chromenone Derivatives by a Domino Knoevenagel Intramolecular Hetero-Diels-Alder Reaction

Author(s): Gowravaram Sabitha*, B. Madhavi Latha, K. Siva Nagi Reddy, K Shankaraiah, B.V. Subba Reddy, J.S. Yadav

Journal Name: Letters in Organic Chemistry

Volume 14 , Issue 5 , 2017


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Abstract:

Background: The domino Knoevenagel/intramolecular hetero Diels–Alder (IMHDA) reaction is the most powerful tool in organic synthesis, especially in the area of heterocycles and natural products. The most widely used heterodienes are usually those where the olefinic bond is flanked between symmetrical 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. However, the study on the mode of cycloaddition of a heterodiene wherein the olefinic segment is flanked between a keto C=O and a lactone C=O group is of interest.

Methods: We carried out a domino Knoevenagel/hetero-Diels–Alder reaction of 2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) benzaldehyde 1 with cyclic 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds 2 using 10 mol% L-proline or D,L-proline in acetonitrile to afford the novel chromenone derivatives. This is the first example of the highly diastereoselective preparation of tetracyclic naphtho chromenone and isochromeno chromenone derivatives in a one-pot process.

Results: To test the scope of the IMHDA reaction, aldehyde 1 was also reacted with dimedone (2b) and N’N-dimethylbarbituric acid (2c). These two reactions smoothly afforded the respective products 3b-c as cis isomers exclusively. Similar results were observed with the unsymmetrical 1,3-dione, such as 4,4-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione 2d produced the corresponding product 3d. However, the reaction of an unsymmetrical 1,3-dione, 4-hydroxycoumarin (2e), with 2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) benzaldehyde 1 in the presence of a catalytic amount of L-proline in refluxing acetonitrile proceeded in 6 h, wherein both the keto C=O and the lactone C=O groups were involved in the cycloaddition to give a 2.6:1 mixture of the corresponding angular tetrahydrobenzo isochromeno chromenone 4a and the linear isomer tetrahydrobenzo isochromeno chromenone 4b.

Conclusion: We have elaborated a simple and efficient route to novel polycyclic derivatives by intramolecular domino Knoevenagel/hetero Diels–Alder reaction of symmetrical as well as unsymmetrical cyclic 1,3-diones with aromatic aldehyde 1. Importantly, the reaction is diastereoselective to produce exclusively cis-products. Further exploration towards the synthetic utility of 2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) benzaldehyde is underway in our laboratory.

Keywords: Chromenone derivatives, hetero-Diels-Alder, knoevenagel, L-proline, domino, organic synthesis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2017
Published on: 13 June, 2017
Page: [305 - 309]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1570178614666170310123959
Price: $65

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