Internal Coil Trapping of a Ruptured PICAInvolved- Type Vertebral Artery Dissecting Aneurysm: A Case Report
Pp. 464-471 (8)
Postoperative medullary infarctions have been reported as a poor prognostic
factor after internal coil trapping of a ruptured vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm
(VA-DA). We succeeded in treating a ruptured VA-DA involving the origin of the
posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) without critical medullary infarctions. We
discuss the reasons why we were able to avoid critical medullary infarctions in this case
A 42-year-old Japanese man presented with a sudden onset of left sided headache. He
also reported a history of neck pain suddenly occurring two days prior while playing
the drum. He had a re-ruptured left VA-DA involving PICA. The re-ruptured VA-DA
was initially treated by endovascular bleeding point coil embolization. Dejerine
syndrome occurred as a complication of the initial treatment. The neurological
symptoms were temporary and the patient made a recovery from the syndrome within a
week. MRA revealed recanalization on day 16, and re-bleeding from the ruptured VADA
was identified on CT scanning on day 20, which was treated by endovascular
proximal coil embolization. Postoperative infarction was noted only in the small area of
the left cerebellum. The patient showed marked improvement. On one-year follow-up,
the patient remains in good clinical condition (Score 1 on modified Rankin scale).
The bleeding point coil embolization and proximal coil embolization were not
performed simultaneously in this case. Decreasing the length of the coil embolization
could save the perforating branches.
Endovascular treatment, Internal coil trapping, Medullary infarction,
Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Vertebral artery dissection.