Background: Ischaemic stroke in young adults encompasses approximately 5 - 15% of all
ischaemic strokes, depending on the selected upper age limit. The key features of the disease, including
incidence, risk factors, underlying causes, mortality, outcomes, as well as long-term risks of recurrent
events are different from those for elderly patients. There is also evidence indicating that these characteristics
may differ ethnically and geographically. It is clinically important to recognize such differences
not only for correct diagnosis and treatment, but also for introducing accurate preventive measures.
Ethnic differences may stem from several factors, including genetic influence, and necessitate different
approaches, such as personalized diagnostic work-up based on patient characteristics.
Conclusion: In this review, we summarize and discuss the existing data on the geographic and ethnic
differential characteristics of young adult ischaemic stroke.
Keywords: Adult, ethnic groups, aetiology, epidemiology, geographic factors, middle aged, mortality, outcome studies, risk
factors, stroke, young adult.
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