Background: In recent years, the rapid increase in the development of the Global Positioning
System (GPS) and Geographic Information System technologies (GIS) have led to the development of
Objective: The purpose of this study is to provide an overview about the recent researches and patents on
advanced technology in GIS/GPS-based transportation systems.
Methods: The analysis of literature and patent is employed in this study.
Results: The common problems in four categories of GIS/GPS-based transportation systems are analyzed
and the solutions are provided by analyzing the research papers and current patents.
Conclusion: It is suggested that future work should cover wider areas, and combine GPS/GIS technology
with other technologies. Finally, some suggestions are provided for the four categories of GIS/GPS-based