Background: Recently, increasing antibiotic resistance is causing serious publichealth
concerns worldwide. This phenomenon increased patient's morbidity and mortality
rate, particularly in immunocompromised individuals.
Methods: Considering that antimicrobial resistance can vary according to geographical location,
we investigated the status of antibiotic resistance in Ilam province from 2008 to 2013.
Results: The results of our study showed that antibiotic resistance rates to aztreonam, cefotaxime,
ceftazidime and ceftriaxone were 38%, 39%, 43% and 48% respectively.
Conclusion: Antibiotic resistance had increased (except for aztreonam) during the period
from 2008 to 2013.