Indicators of Cardiovascular Risk in Metabolic Syndrome: Long Term Follow-up in Italian Patients

Author(s): Giuliana Mombelli*, Chiara Pavanello, Samuela Castelnuovo, Raffaella Bosisio, Sara Simonelli, Franco Pazzucconi, Cesare Riccardo Sirtori

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 15 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Cardiovascular risk (CV) factors associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may vary in different populations. In some, hypertension may be the major determinant, in others are low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), high triglycerides, or another component.

Subjects and Methods: Subjects included in this analysis were identified in 2006, among those attending the Lipid Clinic of the Niguarda Hospital, and followed up through to 2013. Patient characteristics (including the occurrence of CV events) were obtained from electronic medical records. MetS was diagnosed according to the American Heart Association/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (AHA/NHLBI) guidelines. The carotid intima media thickness (cIMT) was also followed in these patients over the years.

Results: After 7 years a total of 858 subjects had a complete follow-up; 271 of those had MetS. Patients developing a CV event showed elevated baseline cIMT (e.g. cIMTmax ≥ 2.4 mm in males and ≥ 2.2 mm in females); moreover the cIMT in MetS patients was higher at baseline and the rise over 7 years was larger compared with patients without MetS. By examining each body variable for MetS we found that a waist to height ratio (WHtR) ≥ 0.5 was present in nearly all subjects with a CV event.

Conclusion: The follow-up data of a series of Italian patients with and without MetS, clearly indicates that the former have a raised cIMT and their arterial IMT progression is greater and the presence of a larger WHtR is apparently linked to a higher incidence of CV events.

Keywords: Metabolic syndrome, carotid intima media thickness, waist-to-height ratio, waist circumference, cardiovascular risk.

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Article Details

Year: 2017
Published on: 10 April, 2017
Page: [248 - 256]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1570161115666170126124149
Price: $65

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