There is substantial evidence for the formation of Aβ and their conversion into
toxic species under hyperglycemic condition. So, we can say that brain is one of the most important
sites for diabetic end organ damage and AZ can be considered as a type of Diabetes.
Till date we don’t have proper therapy for successful prevention of neuronal cell death in
neurodegenerative diseases and research focuses to bring drugs that can either slow down
disease progression or provide prophylaxis. However, Ayurveda that has numerous plants
which can execute amazing and outstanding properties with (few) actions of herbs that are
quite new to the conventional medicine. Polyphenolic compounds, found in various types of
plant parts, that are antioxidant by nature having useful prophylactic properties for the treatment
of excitotoxicity and oxidative cell death. Plants become source material for the development
of drugs, as herbs have recently become attractive for targeting different pathologies
as health-beneficial foods (physiologically functional foods). As an addition to various potent
reviews that provided the therapeutic effect/efficacy information about various herbals as better
neuro modulators, herein we have given up to date information of various phytoconstituents,
polyherbal formulations and extracts which were found effective in the treatment
of AZ. Although there are several herbals that have been proved to increase cognitive
abilities, here we mentioned the herbals that were tested against various AZ insults.
Keywords: Alzheimer’s, diabetes mellitus, excitotoxicity, functional foods, neuronal plasticity, phosphorylation.
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