Counterintelligence Operatives, Targets, Foreign Agents and Foreign Operatives
Pp. 110-132 (23)
Teodora Ivanusa and Iztok Podbregar
The chapter is dedicated to human resources in the field of
counterintelligence. Whereas, technological developments have brought about progress
in intelligence, counterintelligence, and security, the human element has remained
unchanged since the very beginning and remains key part of counterintelligence. The
section presents some of the main characteristics of counterintelligence operatives,
especially in relation to what shaped them and why. It is important to fully understand
these circumstances and reasons, since anyone can, knowingly or unknowingly,
become the target of foreign intelligence activity, e.g. a secret agent, an intermediary,
or bait; the text looks at factors that influence whether a person is of interest to a
foreign service. People of interest to foreign services often become secret agents, which
is why it is important for counterintelligence services to be aware of the indicators that
may alert them to foreign agents and to be familiar with the most common groups of
people recruited as secret agents. Such knowledge should also be vital to state officials
as well as people in the industry (especially in high tech, energetics, telecommunications,
etc.), since it can contribute to a timely detection of spies. Operatives
are trained in concealing their identities and covering their tracks, so they are more
difficult to uncover than agents. A special form of operative is discussed, i.e. an
operative working under the guise of a diplomat.
Counterintelligence personnel, Diplomats, Espionage, Foreign agents,
Foreign operatives, Indicators, Motives, Secret agents, Targets.
Department of Organization and Management, Faculty of Organizational Sciences, University of Maribor, Kidričeva cesta 55a, SI-4000 Kranj, Slovenia.