Erythropoietin Enhances the Cytotoxic Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide on Colon Cancer Cells

Author(s): Anna Tankiewicz-Kwedlo, Justyna M. Hermanowicz, Arkadiusz Surazynski, Wojciech Kwedlo, Dariusz Rozkiewicz, Krystyna Pawlak, Tomasz Domaniewski, Dariusz Pawlak

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 18 , Issue 2 , 2017

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Abstract:

Background: Cancer patients treated with alkylating agents and radiotherapy are exposed to high level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tissues. ROS can involve superoxide free radicals, peroxynitrite, singlet oxygen, nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide. It is well documented that increased exposure to oxygen through a high metabolic rate could lead to a shortened life span. Ionizing radiation, use of drugs and the development of cancer can lead to cancer-induced anemia. Recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo) supplementation is one of the methods for treating anemia. Erythropoietin through an increase in the number of erythrocytes, improves oxygenation tissue. The aim of this work was to study the effect of Epo on colon adenocarcinoma cells (DLD-1) given alone or in combination with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Cell proliferation and number were measured.

Methods: Expression of EpoR, Bcl-2 and Akt1 protein was assessed by RT-PCR, Western blot, and confocal microscopy.

Results: The results show that the coadministration of Epo and H2O2 indicates antitumor action, which occurs via a dose-dependent inhibition of DLD-1 cell growth and proliferation. Moreover, the coadministration of Epo and H2O2 resulted in a decrease of cell numbers, as well as Bcl-2 expression. The incubation of DLD-1 cells with those agents led to a decrease in EpoR and phosphorylated EpoR expression and an increase in Akt1 and phosphorylated Akt expression. The addition of Epo to H2O2 intensified the cytotoxic effect of the latter.

Conclusion: These preclinical results suggest that Epo during chemotherapy or radiotherapy may possess potential benefits in colon cancer patients.

Keywords: Erythropoietin, hydrogen peroxide, colon cancer cells, DLD-1, confocal microscopy, erythropoietin receptor.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 18
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2017
Page: [127 - 137]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1389201018666161116092907
Price: $65

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