Background: Abusive alcohol consumption is a public healthcare problem all across the
world, carrying a heavy toll of almost 6% of all deaths. Nearly 5% of the world population makes
use of illicit drugs frequently. The treatment for patients with any substance abuse disorder, whether
it is alcohol or another drug, requires specialized view. The purpose of this research was to characterize
a group of users at a Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and other Drugs, drawing a social
demographic profile, consumption habits, assessing the connection of addiction history in the family
and the problems resulting from the use.
Methods: Three hundred patients are registered and attending the institution regularly in the Psychosocial
Care Center for Alcohol and other Drugs, For statistical dates 276 patients completed all the
steps of the research and these were used for the statistic demonstration. The study was conducted in
a small town in the countryside of Brazil’s northeast were included in a cross sectional cohort study
in which several social and demographic variables were analyzed: gender, age, ethnicity, educational
background, occupational status, and others, regarding consumption habits and problems resulting
from the use. The analysis was carried out using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences SPSS
20.0, and significance (p ≤0.05) based on Pearson’s correlation test.
Results: 94.6% of the individuals analyzed were male, 20% of them reportedly white and at an average
age of 36, having started using drugs at the age of 18 or less. Alcohol and cannabis were the ones
used at the earliest stages. Data showed multiple chemical dependency in 65.2% of patients, predominantly
alcohol, cannabis, tobacco, cocaine and crack, of those, almost 85% were alcohol dependent.
The study showed a reverse correlation owing to the fact that the variety of drugs used tend
to decrease as individuals get older. Family relationships and work performance were shown to be
the most affected by drug abuse.
Conclusion: The individuals who seek help at the Psychosocial Care Center for Alcohol and other
Drugs are almost exclusively male, employed, with an average 14-year-long history of substance
abuse. Although multiple chemical dependencies are a relevant aspect, alcohol remains the predominant
drug among users.