Thyroid Ultrasound and Other Imaging Procedures in the Pediatric Age

Author(s): Federica Guidoccio, Mariano Grosso, Federica Orsini, Giuseppe Boni, Giuliano Mariani, Duccio Volterrani

Journal Name: Current Pediatric Reviews

Volume 12 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Graphical Abstract:


The purpose of this review is to provide a reappraisal of the diagnostic imaging procedures for thyroid carcinoma in pediatric patients, including thyroid ultrasound (US), ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB), scintigraphy, radiological techniques (CT, MR), and PET/CT. The most frequent indication for thyroid imaging is characterization of a palpable mass in the neck or thyroid gland. Thyroid US is a first-line examination for visualizing the thyroid gland as it provides anatomic and perfusion information; on the other hand, scintigraphy mostly provides functional information but combined with some anatomic information as well. CT and MRI have a supplemental role in these patients. Furthermore, with the introduction of PET/CT and the development of new imaging agents, nuclear medicine plays an important role in different phases of neoplastic disease in terms of both staging and evaluation of response to medical/surgical treatments.

Keywords: Thyroid Ultrasound, Thyroid carcinoma in pediatric patients, PET/CT in DTC, MRI, CT.

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Article Details

Year: 2016
Published on: 12 December, 2016
Page: [253 - 264]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1573396312666161031162436
Price: $65

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