Aerosolized medications are commonly used for the treatment of patients with pulmonary
diseases in acute care. While there are many drug/device combinations available on the market, new devices
have been developed in the past few years. Due to differences in their operation, performance and
requirements for proper use, it is important to know how to use these aerosol devices effectively during
inhalation therapy both in ambulatory and acute settings. However, clinicians focus on the drug formulation
and a relatively little effort was made in improving the design of aerosol devices and individualizing
inhalation therapy in acute and critically ill patients. Therefore, this paper reviews aerosol devices
used for the treatment of patients with an emphasis on acute and critical care.
Keywords: Aerosols, nebulizers, metered dose inhalers, dry powder inhalers, mechanical ventilation, and inhalation therapy.
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