Aim: To explore the association between Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) consumption
and salt intake in relation to blood pressure and body composition in adolescents living in Sicily,
Methods: From September 2012 to June 2014, 1643 students attending 15 secondary schools in the
district of Catania were invited to participate. The information collected included demographics, anthropometric
data (bioelectrical impedance), physical activity level, and dietary habits based a food
frequency questionnaire validated for the Italian youth population.
Results: The mean age of participants was 12.4 years and more than half (53.8%) were boys. The
30.1% and 24.5% of the sample was overweight or obese, respectively. The 30.5% of participants
consumed sugary drinks every day. After adjusting for confounding factors, SSBs consumption was
positively associated with salt intake, BMI, and fat mass. Blood pressure was associated with SSBs
intake only in overweight/obese subjects, which was no more significant after adjustment for salt intake.
Conclusion: There is an association between salt intake and SSBs consumption. SSBs intake has
been linked to increased BMI and fat mass. SSBs and salt consumption should be discouraged, particularly
among children and adolescents, and obesity prevention strategies should include information
and education about both SSBs and salt.