Gastrointestinal Motility and Acute Toxicity of Pistagremic Acid Isolated from the Galls of Pistacia integerrima

Author(s): Abdur Rauf*, Tareq Abu-Izneid, Aneela Maalik, Saud Bawazeer, Ajmal Khan, Taibi Ben Hadda, Haroon Khan, Mohamed Fawzy Ramadan, Imran Khan, Mohammad S. Mubarak, Ghias Uddin, Alia Bahadar, Umar Farooq

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 13 , Issue 3 , 2017

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Graphical Abstract:


Background: Pistacia integerrima has many medicinal uses in therapeutic as well as folk medicine. P. integerrima has been used for the treatment of different ailments such as blood purifier, anti-inflammatory, and as remedy for gastrointestinal disorders such as vomiting and diarrhea, expectorant, cough, asthma and fever.

Objective: The main objective of this research work was to evaluate the effect of pistagremic acid (PA) isolated from the galls of Pistacia integerima in acute toxicity and gastrointestinal (GIT) motility tests.

Methods: Compound 1 namely pistagremic acid (PA) (at 10, 50, 100 mg/kg i.p) were assessed for their in-vivo gastrointestinal motility test using charcoal screening model.

Results: Results revealed that pretreatment of PA exhibited substantial safety in acute toxicity test up to the dose of 500 mg/kg p.o. However, when studied in charcoal meal GI transit test, PA caused significant (p < 0.05) attenuation of GIT motility and an increase in intestinal transit time, comparable to atropine (a muscarinic receptor blocking agent).

Conclusion: In conclusion, PA displayed a strong dose-dependent reduction in GIT motility with considerable safety.

Keywords: Pistacia integerima, pistagremic acid, acute toxicity, GIT motility test, dose-dependent reduction, charcoal meal.

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Article Details

Year: 2017
Page: [292 - 294]
Pages: 3
DOI: 10.2174/1573406412666161007145247
Price: $65

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