The Role of Natural Killer T Cells in Acute Kidney Injury: Angel or Evil?

Author(s): Chao Hu, Chao Zhang, Cheng Yang*

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 18 , Issue 12 , 2017

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Graphical Abstract:


Acute kidney injury (AKI) is manifested by inflammation, and an early feature in the pathogenesis is the accumulation of immune cells in the kidney. Natural killer T (NKT) cells, a peculiar T cells subtype, serve as a bridge between innate and adaptive immunity. Due to the difference between type I and type II subsets, NKT cells were supposed to play a dual role in IR-related tissue injury. Furthermore, membrane receptors and clinical immunosuppressive agents remain involved in the modulation of NKT cell function. Therefore, regulation of the amount and viability of NKT cells becomes a potential strategy in amelioration of AKI. This review will highlight the recent insights gained into the role and mechanisms of NKT cells in AKI.

Keywords: NKT cells, inflammation, acute kidney injury, angel or evil, pathogenesis, immunity.

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Article Details

Year: 2017
Published on: 09 September, 2016
Page: [1200 - 1204]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1389203717666160909151725
Price: $65

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