Licochalcone B Arrests Cell Cycle Progression and Induces Apoptosis in Human Breast Cancer MCF-7 Cells

Author(s): Lina Yu, Jun Ma, Jichun Han, Bo Wang, Xiaoyu Chen, Caixia Gao, Defang Li, Qiusheng Zheng

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery

Volume 11 , Issue 4 , 2016

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Background: Recent patent of licochalcone B (LCB) as an antiinflammatory agent has been developed. Emerging evidence shows that LCB may be a promising alternative compound with anti-cancer activities. However, the anticancer mechanism of LCB in MCF-7 cells has not been fully investigated.

Objective: We aimed to unearth the anti-cancer effect and mechanism of LCB in MCF-7 cells.

Method: Cell proliferation activity and cell-cycle progression were determined by sulforhodamine B assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The mRNA and protein levels of cell cycle-related proteins and apoptosis-associated proteins were examined by RT-qPCR and western blot, respectively. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was measured by flow cytometry after JC-1 staining.

Results: We found that LCB inhibited MCF-7 cells proliferation in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Moreover, LCB-treatment led to S phase arrest in MCF-7 cells, which could be elucidated by the decreased mRNA and protein levels of Cyclin A, Cdk2 and Cdc25 A, and the increased protein level of p21. LCB also induced such apoptosis morphology as phosphatidylserine externalization, chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation. Moreover, LCB led to the loss of MMP, resulting in the release of cytochrome C. The above apoptotic events were supported by the fact that LCB upregulated the mRNA and protein levels of Caspase 3, Caspase 9 and Bax, and downregulated the mRNA and protein level of Bcl-2, which was triggered by the increased p53 protein level in LCB-treated MCF-7 cells.

Conclusion: These findings suggested that LCB could be a promising agent for treatment of human breast cancer.

Keywords: Apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, cell cycle-related proteins, human breast cancer, licochalcone B, MCF-7 cells, pro-apoptotic proteins.

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Article Details

Year: 2016
Page: [444 - 452]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1574892811666160906091405
Price: $65

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