Recently, various nanomaterials have been used in many organic
transformations as efficient catalysts. The development of new catalysts by nanoscale
design has emerged as a fertile field for research and innovation. The ability of
nanotechnology to enhance catalytic activity opens the potential to replace expensive
catalysts with lower amounts of inexpensive nanocatalysts. Besides, development of
efficient and environmentally friendly synthetic methodologies for the synthesis of
compound libraries of medicinal scaffolds is an attractive area of research in both
academic and pharmaceutical industry. According to above reports and needs, this
review deals with applications of nanoparticles as catalysts in various organic
syntheses. We detail the topic of organic transformations using nanoparticles: Metal
Nanoparticles and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles. In the latter part, different Metal Oxide Nanoparticles,
such as ZnO Nanoparticle, TiO2 Nanoparticle, and CuO Nanoparticle are discussed.
Keywords: Metal Nanocatalysts, Metal Oxide Nanocatalysts, Nanomaterials, Organic Syntheses.
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