Background: Voriconazole (VCZ), a second-generation antifungal with excellent attributes
like, broad-spectrum activity, targeted delivery, and tolerability. VCZ loaded microemulsion could be
an effective strategy for efficient ocular delivery of the drug.
Objective: To perform corneal irritation studies and in vivo delivery of VCZ microemulsion to establish
its potential as an efficient ocular delivery system.
Methods: Ocular irritancy was performed by HETCAM (Hen's Egg Test Chorio Allantoic Membrane)
assay, corneal histopathology and Draize test. Ex vivo and in vivo studies were performed to determine
permeation efficiency of VCZ microemulsion.
Results: The irritation studies suggested the non-irritant nature of the microemulsion. The ex vivo studies
performed on excised cornea displayed significant enhancement in drug permeation/penetration
from microemulsion in contrast to the drug suspension. Further, the in vivo study confirmed the higher
availability of VCZ (from microemulsion) in aqueous humor with minimal nasolacrimal drainage
(lower plasma drug content) when compared with the drug suspension.
Conclusion: The non-irritant nature and high corneal permeation of VCZ encourages the role of microemulsion
as a potential ocular delivery system.